Part 3 - Early America
From WoD Gotham
Part 3 of New York City's Mundane Historical Timeline.
Continued from: Part 2 - The British and Revolution
Skip to: Part 4 - Tammany and Consolidation
Federal and Early America 1784-1854
- 1785 the First United States Congress met in New York City under the Articles of Confederation.
- 1786 Tammany Hall founded.
- 1787 New York Governor George Clinton reluctant to ratify US Constitution. Talk of secession.
- October 1787 to August 1788 Federalist Papers are published arguing for ratification of the US Constitution in The Independent Journal and The New York Packet.
- June 21, 1788 US Constitution is ratified.
- September 13, 1788 New York City became the first capital of the newly formed United States of America at the Constitutional Convention.
- April 30, 1789 George Washington inaugurated at Federal Hall on Wall Street.
- May 12, 1789 Tammany incorporated as the Tammany Society.
- 1790 US Capital moved to Philadelphia.
- 1791 Wards were given numerical designations. The First Ward was the tip of Manhattan, and the wards going north were given consecutive numbers with new ones added as the city expanded. Older wards were also subdivided as their populations swelled.
- May 17, 1792 A group of merchants made the "Buttonwood Agreement" and began meeting under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street, beginning the New York Stock Exchange.
- Summer 1792 Yellow fever epidemic sends inhabitants fleeing north to Greenwich Village. Establishes a northerly pattern of settlement on Manhattan Island.
- 1797 Aaron Burr becomes head of Tammany and turns it towards politics in order to support his 1800 presidential ambitions.
- 1807 Robert Fulton initiates a steamboat line to connect New York City to Albany.
- 1811 Commissioners' Plan of 1811. Manhattan’s famous grid plan was adopted as the city continued to expand northwards up the island.
- 1814 Robert Fulton's Fulton Ferry established, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan.
- September 3, 1821 Norfolk and Long Island Hurricane. Category 3 Hurricane makes landfall in New York City and sends a 13ft surge that floods much of Lower Manhattan up to Canal Street.
- 1824 A riot occurred in Greenwich Village between Irish Anglicans and Catholics, after a parade by members of the Orange Order (a Protestant supremacist organization).
- October 26, 1825 the Erie Canal was completed, forming a continuous water route from the western Great Lakes to the Atlantic and north to Lake Champlain; it helped the city grow further by increasing river traffic upstate and to the Midwest.
- 1831 The University of the City of New York, now New York University, was founded at Washington Square in Greenwich Village.
- Summer 1832 Cholera epidemic strikes the city.
- 1835 New York City experiences its first of many building booms.
- December 16, 1835 The Great Fire of New York broke out. The temperature was below zero (F), and gale force winds were blowing. Firemen, some called from as far away as Philadelphia, were at first helpless to battle the wind driven fire due to icing lines and pumps. The fire leveled most of the city below Canal Street.
- 1837 Brooklyn becomes a city and is comprised of wards. It originally had nine wards, and by the time of the 1898 consolidation it had 32.
- May 10, 1837 Panic of 1837 strikes in New York as banks only accept gold and silver. One of the earliest financial crises in the US based on speculative fever. Kicks off five years of economic depression.
- 1837-1842 Croton Aqueduct network established due to increasing need for water because of the fires of the time and the growth of industry.
- 1840-1850 New York City’s cosmopolitan roots make it an ideal destination for immigrants. First great wave of Irish immigration with the Great Irish Famine and German immigration with the Revolutions of 1848.
- October 14, 1842 Croton Aqueduct opens and the city celebrates another boom.
- 1845 the New York City Police Department is established.
- May 10, 1849 Astor Place Riot. Conflict between immigrants and nativist New Yorkers.
- 1850 the Irish comprised one quarter of the city's population.
- 1850 the public schools system established.
- October 3, 1851 Hudson River Railroad (which would grow into the New York Central) established. This joined New York City with the existing railroad systems upstate.