Category:New York City
From WoD Gotham
Gotham, a nickname for the city since the early 1900's and the inspiration for the famous comic book setting, was first settled in early 1600’s. From the beginning, New Amsterdam, as it was called then, has maintained a rich tradition as a diverse center for trade, business, culture, art, banking, and diplomacy that continues to this day. It is among the oldest cities in the United States with a colorful history.
Over the centuries the area has grown into one of the largest, most densely populated, and cosmopolitan metropolitan areas in the world, covering 304.8 square miles and housing over 22 million people. The city itself has over 8 million inhabitants within its limits. It is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world with its inhabitants speaking more than 800 languages in over 400 distinct neighborhoods.
New York City is made up of Five Boroughs. They are Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. In addition, the immediate area is accessible by commuters from Connecticut, New Jersey and Long Island. This area in its entirety is referred to as the Tri-State Metropolitan Area.
New York City is located in the Northeastern United States at the very southeastern tip of New York State. It’s located at the mouth of the Hudson River, which feeds into a naturally into a harbor and then into the Atlantic Ocean. The natural convergence of waterways skirting the city, made it an ideal hub for trade and a strategically significant position. Most of the city is built on three islands of Manhattan, Staten Island, and Long Island, making land scarce and encouraging a high population density.
The Hudson River flows through the Hudson Valley into New York Bay. Between New York City and Troy, New York, the river is an estuary. The Hudson separates the city from New Jersey. The East River – a tidal strait – flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. The Harlem River, another tidal strait between the East and Hudson Rivers, separates Manhattan from the Bronx. The Bronx River, which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County, is the only entirely fresh water river in the city.
New York City has a humid subtropical climate. It is a city that is features cold, damp winters; unpredictable springs and autumns; and hot, miserable, humid summers (worst months are July and August and sometimes the early part of September. Average temperatures are 76.5 °F 24.7 °C). Nighttime conditions during the summer are often exacerbated by the urban heat island phenomenon, and temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on average of 18 days each summer and can exceed 100 °F (38 °C) every 4–6 years.
The prevailing wind patterns that blow offshore minimize the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean. Yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding of the Appalachians keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities located at similar or lesser latitudes such as Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis. The average temperature in January, the area's coldest month, is 32.1 °F (0.1 °C). However temperatures in winter could for a few days be as low as 10 °F (−12 °C) and as high as 50 °F (10 °C).
The city receives 49.7 inches (1,260 mm) of precipitation annually, which is fairly spread throughout the year. Average winter snowfall for 1971 to 2000 has been 22 inches (56 cm), but this usually varies considerably from year to year. Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area, but are not unheard of and always have the potential to strike the area.
These two factors influence the city’s demographics. In 2000, the city had an extremely high population density of 26,403 people per square mile (10,194/km²). Geographically co-extensive with New York County, Manhattan's population density of 66,940 people per square mile (25,846/km²) makes it the highest of any county in the United States.
New York City's population is exceptionally diverse. Throughout its history the city has been a major point of entry for immigrants; more than 12 million European immigrants passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. The term "melting pot" was first coined to describe densely populated immigrant neighborhoods on the Lower East Side.
Approximately 36% of the city's population is foreign-born. Among American cities, this proportion is higher only in Los Angeles and Miami. While the immigrant communities in those cities are dominated by a few nationalities, in New York no single country or region of origin dominates. The ten largest countries of origin for modern day immigration are the Dominican Republic, China, Jamaica, Guyana, Mexico, Ecuador, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, and Russia. The largest ethnic groups in New York City are African American, Italian, Jewish, and Irish. The New York region continues to be the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States.
The New York City metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish community outside Israel, and the city proper contains the largest Jewish community in the world. It is also home to nearly a quarter of the nation's South Asians, the largest African American community of any city in the country, and comprised of a population of 659,596 ethnic Chinese, the largest outside of Asia. There are also substantial Puerto Rican and Dominican populations. Another significant ethnic group is Italians, who emigrated to the city in large numbers in the early twentieth century, mainly from Sicily and other parts of southern Italy. The Irish also have a notable presence and have played a large part in the history of the city since colonial times.
New York City has a high degree of income disparity. In 2005 the median household income in the wealthiest census tract was $188,697, while in the poorest it was $9,320. The disparity is driven by wage growth in high income brackets, while wages have stagnated for middle and lower income brackets. In 2006 the average weekly wage in Manhattan was $1,453, the highest and fastest growing among the largest counties in the United States.
New York's population experienced only a slight increase between 2000 and 2010, when census figures show it reached a record high of 8,175,133. For the first time since the 1860s, the number of black New Yorkers declined, and non-Hispanic blacks now account for 23 percent of the population. The Asian population increased 32 percent, and now comprises 13 percent of the population. The Hispanic population increased 8 percent, and comprises 29 percent of the population. The non-Hispanic white population declined 3 percent, the smallest recorded decline in decades.
Economyworld economy (along with London and Tokyo). The city is a major center for finance, insurance, real estate, media and the arts in the United States.
The New York metropolitan area had approximately a gross metropolitan product of $1.13 trillion in 2005, making it the largest regional economy in the United States and the second largest city economy in the world. New York controls 40% of the world's finances, making it the largest financial center in the world.
Many major corporations are headquartered in New York City, including 42 Fortune 500 companies. New York is also unique among American cities for its large number of foreign corporations. One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company.
Manhattan had 353.7 million square feet (32,860,000 m²) of office space in 2001. Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the United States. Lower Manhattan is the third largest central business district in the United States, and is home to The New York Stock Exchange, located on Wall Street, and the NASDAQ, representing the world's first and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured by average daily trading volume and overall market capitalization. Financial services account for more than 35% of the city's employment income.
Real estate is a major force in the city's economy, as the total value of all New York City property was $802.4 billion in 2006. The Time Warner Center is the property with the highest-listed market value in the city, at $1.1 billion in 2006. New York City is home to some of the nation's (and the world's) most valuable real estate. 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007 for $510 million, about $1,589 per square foot ($17,104/m²), breaking the barely month-old record for an American office building of $1,476 per square foot ($15,887/m²) set in the June 2007 sale of 660 Madison Avenue.
The city's television and film industry is the second largest in the country after Hollywood. Creative industries such as new media, advertising, fashion, design and architecture account for a growing share of employment, with New York City possessing a strong competitive advantage in these industries.
High-tech industries like biotechnology, software development, game design, and internet services are also growing, bolstered by the city's position at the terminus of several transatlantic fiber optic trunk lines. Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities.
Manufacturing accounts for a large but declining share of employment. Garments, chemicals, metal products, processed foods, and furniture are some of the principal products. The food-processing industry is the most stable major manufacturing sector in the city. Food making is a $5 billion industry that employs more than 19,000 residents. Chocolate is New York City's leading specialty-food export, with $234 million worth of exports each year.
New York City’s skyline is world famous. It is strewn with some of the most recognizable skyscrapers on the face of the planet and has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world. Indeed, with 5,538 high rise buildings within its city limits, New York City is second to only Hong Kong in its number of skyscrapers.
The city takes its architecture seriously and features many beautiful styles from the past and present. During the 30s and even to this day, New York City and Chicago have been engaged in a rivalry with one another in many ways. One of these contests has been to determine whose city is the most beautiful and which has the most impressive buildings. This rivalry has spawned many styles, the jewel of which is the Art Deco style of the Chrysler Building (1930).
During the late 1950s and on through the 1960s the international style prevailed as the city geared up to host the World’s Fair in 1964. This style is reflected in the Seagram Building (1957) which distinctive for its façade using visible bronze-toned I-beams to evoke the building's structure.
Another noteworthy style found in the city’s skyscrapers is the early gothic revival style which built with massively scaled gothic detailing. The Woolworth Building (1913) is one such example of early skyscraper design.
Currently, there is a trend in modern skyscraper building that moves towards green design which is exemplified nicely in the Condé Nast Building (2000). With temperatures soaring during the summers, energy costs on the rise, and New York City's commitment to the green movement, many of the city’s buildings are retrofitting to more efficient standards and trading in their distinctive wooden roof-mounted water towers for green roofs and rooftop vegetable gardens.
New York's large residential districts are often defined by the classic brownstone, rowhouses, townhouses, and tenements that were built during a period of rapid growth from 1870 to 1930. Stone and brick became the city's building materials of choice after the construction of wood-frame houses was limited in the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1835.
During the 1960s, many developers and city planners were in a rush to modernize New York City’s look in the new international style at the expense of some of the city’s great architectural treasures. These efforts met with growing controversy which came to a head after the demolition of the original Penn Station in 1963. Since then there’s always been a rather united effort on the part of New Yorkers to preserve the city’s architectural heritage. Today there are many regulations, rules, and zoning requirements that preserve the look and feel of New York City and even require new buildings meet existing style standards.
|NYC's Five Boroughs|
|Jurisdiction|| ||Population||Land Area|| |
|Borough of||County of||2010 Census||miles2||km2|
|City of New York|| ||8,175,133||303||786|
|New York State|| ||19,378,102||47,214||122,284|
This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total.
- [+] Brooklyn Neighborhoods (0 C, 7 P)
- [+] Manhattan Neighborhoods (0 C, 8 P)
- [+] New York City Maps (0 C, 6 P)